Zu Geld und Reichtum,
Das Geben und Spenden eines Christen entspringt der überfließenden Freude an Gott, die sich gerne und liebevoll der Not eines anderen annimmt.
Das Geben und Spenden innerhalb der Gemeinde ist ein zentrales Merkmal von Gottes Volk, weil uns Gott schließlich alle Dinge gegeben hat. Als Paulus die Korinther ermahnt, großzügig zu geben, erinnert er sie: „Denn ihr kennt die Gnade unseres Herrn Jesus Christus, dass er, da er reich war, um euretwillen arm wurde, damit ihr durch seine Armut reich würdet” (2 Kor 8,9). Jesus erniedrigte sich selbst und wurde gehorsam bis zum Tod am Kreuz (Phil 2,8). Obwohl Christen einander natürlich nichts schenken können, was Christi Sühneopfer gleichkäme, nimmt Paulus dies trotzdem zum Vorbild, um Großzügigkeit in den Korinthern zu wecken. Gott hat sich in Christus voll Liebe nach dem Menschen ausgestreckt. Christen sollen einander freigiebig lieben, weil er sie zuerst geliebt hat (1. Joh 4,7–12). Geben und Spenden eines Christen sind auf Christi Werk gegründet und geschehen mit freudigem Herzen. Christen sind aufgerufen, sich allezeit im Herrn zu freuen (Phil 4,4) und das gilt auch für das Geben und Spenden. Die Freude an Gott soll überfließen und sich der Nöte anderer annehmen (2 Kor 8,17). Gott liebt einen fröhlichen Geber, der nicht aus Verdruss oder Zwang gibt (2 Kor 9,7). Je mehr Gott erkannt und je mehr von seiner Gnade erfahren wird, desto großzügiger macht er den Christen auch, sodass die in Not mit freudigem Herzen unterstützt werden können.
Das bedeutet auch, dass Christen dem Ruf folgen sollen, so zu lieben, wie Gott den Menschen in Christus geliebt hat, und dass sie der Nöte derer um sie herum bewusst sind. Der menschgewordene Christus war von tiefem Mitleid für die Menschen erfüllt (Mt 9,36; 11,28–30; 15,32). Er sah ihre Not und nahm sich ihrer an. Er deutete dabei stets auf die Wahrheit, die freimacht. Christen sind aufgerufen, einander höher zu achten als sich selbst und die Anliegen der anderen wichtiger zu nehmen als die eigenen (Phil 2,3–4).
Kimble, J. (2018). Spenden und Geld in der Gemeinde. In B. Ellis, M. Ward, & J. Parks (Hrsg.), Grundriss der Dogmatik. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.
25 Therefore I say to you, be not solicitous for your life, what you shall eat, nor for your body, what you shall put on. Is not the life more than the meat: and the body more than the raiment? 26 Behold the birds of the air, for they neither sow, nor do they reap, nor gather into barns: and your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are not you of much more value than they? 27 And which of you by taking thought, can add to his stature one cubit? 28 And for raiment why are you solicitous? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they labour not, neither do they spin. 29 But I say to you, that not even Solomon in all his glory was arrayed as one of these. 30 And if the grass of the field, which is to day, and to morrow is cast into the oven, God doth so clothe: how much more you, O ye of little faith? 31 Be not solicitous therefore, saying: What shall we eat: or what shall we drink, or wherewith shall we be clothed? 32 For after all these things do the heathens seek. For your Father knoweth that you have need of all these things. 33 Seek ye therefore first the kingdom of God, and his justice, and all these things shall be added unto you.
22 For which cause also, I was hindered very much from coming to you and have been kept away till now. 23 But now, having no more place in these countries and having a great desire these many years past to come unto you, 24 When I shall begin to take my journey into Spain, I hope that, as I pass, I shall see you and be brought on my way thither by you: if first, in part, I shall have enjoyed you. 25 But now I shall go to Jerusalem, to minister unto the saints. 26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a contribution for the poor of the saints that are in Jerusalem. 27 For it hath pleased them: and they are their debtors. For, if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they ought also in carnal things to minister to them. 28 When therefore I shall have accomplished this and consigned to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain. 29 And I know that when I come to you I shall come in the abundance of the blessing of the gospel of Christ. 30 I beseech you therefore, brethren, through our Lord Jesus Christ and by the charity of the Holy Ghost, that you help me in your prayers for me to God, 31 That I may be delivered from the unbelievers that are in Judea and that the oblation of my service may be acceptable in Jerusalem to the saints. 32 That I may come to you with joy, by the will of God, and may be refreshed with you. 33 Now the God of peace be with, you all. Amen.
2. Korinther 8–9
1 Now we make known unto you, brethren, the grace of God that hath been given in the churches of Macedonia. 2 That in much experience of tribulation, they have had abundance of joy and their very deep poverty hath abounded unto the riches of their simplicity. 3 For according to their power (I bear them witness) and beyond their power, they were willing: 4 With much entreaty begging of us the grace and communication of the ministry that is done toward the saints. 5 And not as we hoped: but they gave their own selves, first to the Lord, then to us by the will of God; 6 Insomuch, that we desired Titus, that, as he had begun, so also he would finish among you this same grace. 7 That as in all things you abound in faith and word and knowledge and all carefulness, moreover also in your charity towards us: so in this grace also you may abound. 8 I speak not as commanding: but by the carefulness of others, approving also the good disposition of your charity. 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that being rich he became poor for your sakes: that through his poverty you might be rich. 10 And herein I give my advice: for this is profitable for you who have begun not only to do but also to be willing, a year ago. 11 Now therefore perform ye it also in deed: that as your mind is forward to be willing, so it may be also to perform, out of that which you have. 12 For if the will be forward, it is accepted according to that which a man hath: not according to that which he hath not. 13 For I mean not that others should be eased and you burdened, but by an equality. 14 In this present time let your abundance supply their want, that their abundance also may supply your want: that there may be an equality, 15 As it is written: He that had much had nothing over; and he that had little had no want. 16 And thanks be to God, who hath given the same carefulness for you in the heart of Titus. 17 For indeed he accepted the exhortation: but, being more careful, of his own will he went unto you. 18 We have sent also with him the brother whose praise is in the gospel through all the churches. 19 And not that only: but he was also ordained by the churches companion of our travels, for this grace, which is administered by us, to the glory of the Lord and our determined will: 20 Avoiding this, lest any man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by us. 21 For we forecast what may be good, not only before God but also before men. 22 And we have sent with them our brother also, whom we have often proved diligent in many things, but now much more diligent: with much confidence in you, 23 Either for Titus, who is my companion and fellow labourer towards you, or our brethren, the apostles of the churches, the glory of Christ. 24 Wherefore shew ye to them, in the sight of the churches, the evidence of your charity and of our boasting on your behalf. 1 For concerning the ministry that is done towards the saints, it is superfluous for me to write unto you. 2 For I know your forward mind: for which I boast of you to the Macedonians, that Achaia also is ready from the year past. And your emulation hath provoked very many. 3 Now I have sent the brethren, that the thing which we boast of concerning you be not made void in this behalf, that (as I have said) you may be ready: 4 Lest, when the Macedonians shall come with me and find you unprepared, we (not to say ye) should be ashamed in this matter. 5 Therefore I thought it necessary to desire the brethren that they would go to you before and prepare this blessing before promised, to be ready, so as a blessing, not as covetousness. 6 Now this I say: He who soweth sparingly shall also reap sparingly: and he who soweth in blessings shall also reap blessings. 7 Every one as he hath determined in his heart, not with sadness or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able to make all grace abound in you: that ye always, having all sufficiently in all things, may abound to every good work, 9 As it is written: He hath dispersed abroad, he hath given to the poor: his justice remaineth for ever. 10 And he that ministereth seed to the sower will both give you bread to eat and will multiply your seed and increase the growth of the fruits of your justice: 11 That being enriched in all things, you may abound unto all simplicity which worketh through us thanksgiving to God. 12 Because the administration of this office doth not only supply the want of the saints, but aboundeth also by many thanksgivings in the Lord. 13 By the proof of this ministry, glorifying God for the obedience of your confession unto the gospel of Christ and for the simplicity of your communicating unto them and unto all. 14 And in their praying for you, being desirous of you, because of the excellent grace of God in you. 15 Thanks be to God for his unspeakable gift.
10 Now I rejoice in the Lord exceedingly that now at length your thought for me hath flourished again, as you did also think; but you were busied. 11 I speak not as it were for want. For I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, to be content therewith. 12 I know both how to be brought low, and I know how to abound (every where and in all things I am instructed): both to be full and to be hungry: both to abound and to suffer need. 13 I can do all things in him who strengtheneth me. 14 Nevertheless, you have done well in communicating to my tribulation. 15 And you also know, O Philippians, that in the beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church communicated with me as concerning giving and receiving, but you only. 16 For unto Thessalonica also you sent once and again for my use. 17 Not that I seek the gift: but I seek the fruit that may abound to your account. 18 But I have all and abound: I am filled, having received from Epaphroditus the things you sent, an odour of sweetness, an acceptable sacrifice, pleasing to God. 19 And may my God supply all your want, according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus. 20 Now to God and our Father be glory, world without end. Amen.
1. Timotheus 6,6–19
6 But godliness with contentment is great gain. 7 For we brought nothing into this world: and certainly we can carry nothing out. 8 But having food and wherewith to be covered, with these we are content. 9 For they that will become rich fall into temptation and into the snare of the devil and into many unprofitable and hurtful desires, which drown men into destruction and perdition. 10 For the desire of money is the root of all evils; which some coveting have erred from the faith and have entangled themselves in many sorrows. 11 But thou, O man of God, fly these things: and pursue justice, godliness, faith, charity, patience, mildness. 12 Fight the good fight of faith. Lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art called and be it confessed a good confession before many witnesses. 13 I charge thee before God who quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus who gave testimony under Pontius Pilate, a good confession: 14 That thou keep the commandment without spot, blameless, unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, 15 Which in his times he shall shew, who is the Blessed and only Mighty, the King of kings and Lord of lords: 16 Who only hath immortality and inhabiteth light inaccessible: whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and empire everlasting. Amen. 17 Charge the rich of this world not to be highminded nor to trust in the uncertainty of riches, but in the living God (who giveth us abundantly all things to enjoy) 18 To do good, to be rich in good work, to give easily, to communicate to others, 19 To lay up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on the true life.